Hungary

Constitution and administrative structure of Hungary

National level.  Hungary has a unicameral parliamentary system. The National Assembly consists of 200 members, who are elected every four years. The head of state is elected by the National Assembly for a term of five years. The Hungarian constitution grants self-government to municipalities; their competencies are regulated by a number of fundamental laws.

Regional level. In the 1990s, seven regions were created in Hungary without disbanding the traditional administrative unit, i.e. the county, and regions have no legal competencies either.  Overall, Hungary consists of 19 counties (megyék); the Counties of Győr -Moson-Sopron and Vas are part of CENTROPE. As per law, the counties’ self-governing administrations implement certain tasks, e.g. urban planning, environmental protection, maintenance of public land and roads or energy supply.

Local level. Below county level, Hungary is subdivided into 150 districts (járások) and 3,157 municipalities (községek). Municipalities may voluntarily take on certain tasks of self-government.