Cultural heritage & natural beauty
South Moravia is a region with extensive cultural and historical roots and numerous important architectural monuments in all styles. Two of these have been placed on the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List: Villa Tugendhat in Brno, a magnificent piece of functional architecture from the interwar period, and the Lednice-Valtice grounds, a complex that is among the largest artificially built-up and groomed landscapes in Europe. UNESCO also protects two biosphere reservations in the region – Dolní Morava and the White Carpathian Mountains. The Dyje Basin, one of the Czech Republic’s four national parks, is likewise found here. The protected landscape area of the Moravian Karst, which is one of most remarkable karst areas in Europe, offers visitors extensive systems of stalactite caves and the Macocha Gorge. Slavkov or Austerlitz, the site of the Battle of the Three Emperors, is also world-famous. The mammoth hunters also left their footprints here at the dawn of human history – the most famous archaeological site is found in Dolní Věstonice, where the world-renowned Venus statuette was discovered, while other archaeological sites testify to the fame and fortune of the Great Moravian Empire.
In addition to cultural monuments and areas of natural beauty, tourists are also attracted to South Moravia by its living traditions and the warmth and hospitality of its people. Its folklore, including music, dance, language, folk costumes, applied arts and crafts, is no mere show for tourists, but a real part of life in the region. The significance of this heritage is proven by the inscription of a men’s recruitment solo dance – the verbuňk – on the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage List. The region’s cycle paths, including its popular wine paths, offer a unique way of getting to know the South Moravian Region. Automobile and motorbike races at Masaryk Circuit, including an annual race on the world motorbike championship calendar, attract lovers of powerful engines.